Imperative In Spanish

In this lesson, we will talk about the imperative in Spanish, and how to use it to give command on both affirmative and negative forms.

Imperative In Spanish

The imperative (also known as command) is the tense used when we want to give an order, or recommend or give instructions, and in Spanish, for the regular verbs, it’s formed easily by replacing the endings “ar, er, ir” with the appropriate ending, look at the following tables:

Verbs ending with -AR

Pronounimperative ending
-a
Usted-e
Nosotros-emos
Vosotros-ad
Ustedes-en

Example: Estudiar (to study):

Pronounimperative
estudia
Ustedestudie
Nosotrosestudiemos
Vosotrosestudiad
Ustedesestudien

Example: Hablar (to speak)

Pronounimperative
habla
Ustedhable
Nosotroshablemos
Vosotroshablad
Ustedeshablen

Note: you can practice what you’ve learned here, and learn how to pronounce each of the words in our Memrise course here, don’t know how to use the platform or sign up? we’ve got you covered in this easy-to-follow tutorial here.

Verbs ending with -ER and -IR

Pronounimperative ending
-e
Usted-a
Nosotros-amos
Vosotros-ed
Ustedes-an

Example: aprender (to learn)

Pronounimperative
aprende
Ustedaprenda
Nosotrosaprendamos
Vosotrosaprended
Ustedesaprendan

Example: comer (to eat)

Pronounimperative
come
Ustedcoma
Nosotroscomamos
Vosotroscomed
Ustedescoman

Example: decidir (to decide)

Pronounimperative
decide
Usteddecida
Nosotrosdecidamos
Vosotrosdecided
Ustedesdecidan

Example: recibir (to receive)

Pronounimperative
recibe
Ustedreciba
Nosotrosrecibamos
Vosotrosrecibed
Ustedesreciban
Imperative in Spanish visual

The Negative Form Of The Imperative

To use the imperative in its negative form, put the word “No” in front of the verb and then add the appropriate ending:

Verbs ending with AR

Pronounimperative ending
-es
Usted-e
Nosotros-emos
Vosotros-éis
Ustedes-en

Example: Hablar (to speak)

Pronounimperative (negative)
no hables
Ustedno hable
Nosotrosno hablemos
Vosotrosno habléis
Ustedesno hablen

Verbs ending with -ER and -IR

Pronounimperative ending
-as
Usted-a
Nosotros-amos
Vosotros-áis
Ustedes-an

Example: comer (to eat)

Pronounimperative ending
no comas
Ustedno coma
Nosotrosno comamos
Vosotrosno comáis
Ustedesno coman

Happy learning!

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