Present Tense In Moroccan Arabic

The present tense in Moroccan Arabic is pretty straightforward as there is a simple form to apply to verbs to get the conjugation right, but bear in mind that there are 4 types of Darija verbs: CCV, CVC, CCC, and CC (C: Consonant and V: Vowel) which we will explain and give some examples.

Present Tense In Moroccan Arabic

Present Tense In Moroccan Arabic

The present tense conjugation of Moroccan Arabic follows this form:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kan…أنا كن…
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya kat….iنتي / نتيا كت…ي
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya kat…نتا / نتايا كت…
HeHowa kay…هو كي…
SheHia kat…هي كت…
We7na kan…oحنا كن…و
You (plural)Ntuma kat…..oنتوما كت…و
TheyHuma kay…oهوما كي…و

Note that you can use t/ت instead of k/ك .

Present Tense Form For CCV And CVC Verbs

For this group, most verbs follow the form we talked about, for the few ones left, the vowel transforms to “i“, “o“, or stays the same:

CCV Verbs Form

Examples of CVV verbs (Consonant, Consonant, Vowel):

  • Shra (to buy) شرا (a transforms to i)
  • Kla (to eat) كلا (irrigular! tadaaa!)
  • Msha (to go) مشا (a transforms to i)

Conjugation of shra:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kanshriأنا كنشري
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya katshriنتي / نتيا كتشري
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya katshriنتا / نتايا كتشري
HeHowa kayshriهو كيشري
SheHia katshriهي كتشري
We7na kanshriw (o becomes w after i)حنا كنشريو
You (plural)Ntuma katshriwنتوما كتشريو
TheyHuma kayshriwهوما كيشريو

Short verbs as ja (to come) also fall into this category, here is its conjugation:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kanjiأنا كنجي
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya katjiنتي / نتيا كتجي
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya katjiنتا / نتايا كتجي
HeHowa kayjiهو كيجي
SheHia katjiهي كتجي
We7na kanjiwحنا كنجيو
You (plural)Ntuma katjiwنتوما كتجيو
TheyHuma kayjiwهوما كيجيو

CVC Verbs Form

Examples of CVC verbs(Consonant, Vowel, Consonant)

  • Tar (to fly) طار (a transforms to i)
  • Ban (to appear) بان (a stays the same)

Conjugation of tar:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kantirأنا كنطير
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya kattiriنتي / نتيا كطيري
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya kattirنتا / نتايا كطير
HeHowa kaytirهو كيطير
SheHia kattirهي كطير
We7na kantiroحنا كنطيرو
You (plural)Ntuma kattiroنتوما كطيرو
TheyHuma kaytiroهوما كيطيرو

Present Tense Form For CCC And CC Verbs

Most verbs in Moroccan Arabic belong to this group of CCC and CC, and to conjugate them, you just add the form mentioned above.

CCC Verbs Form

Examples of CCC Verbs (Consonant, Consonant, Consonant):

  • Ktb ( to write) كتب
  • Shrb (to drink) شرب
  • Gls (to sit) جلس

Conjugation of Ktb:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kanktbأنا كنكتب
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya katktbiنتي / نتيا كتكتبي
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya katktbنتا / نتايا كتكتب
HeHowa kayktbهو كيكتب
SheHia katktbهي كتكتب
We7na kanktboحنا كنكتبو
You (plural)Ntuma katktboنتوما كتكتبو
TheyHuma kayktboهوما كيكتبو

Note: verbs like attar are considered CCC as the second a is a short vowel (أتر)

ِConjugation of attar:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kan attarأنا كنأتر
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya kat attariنتي / نتيا كتأتري
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya kat attariنتا / نتايا كتأتر
HeHowa kay attarهو كيأتر
SheHia kat attarهي كتأتر
We7na kan attaroحنا كنأترو
You (plural)Ntuma kat attaroنتوما كتأترو
TheyHuma kay attaroهوما كيأترو

CC Verbs Form

Examples of CC Verbs (Consonant, Consonant)

  • Sed (to close) سد
  • Keb (to pour) كب

Conjugation of keb:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kankebأنا كنكب
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya katkebiنتي / نتيا كتكبي
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya katkebنتا / نتايا كتكب
HeHowa kaykebهو كيكب
SheHia katkebهي كتكب
We7na kankeboحنا كنكبو
You (plural)Ntuma katkeboنتوما كتكبو
TheyHuma kaykeboهوما كيكبو

The Irrigulars Kla (to eat) and Khda (to take)

The Verb Kla in Present:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kanakulأنا كناكل
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya katakliنتي / نتيا كتاكلي
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya katakulنتا / نتايا كتاكل
HeHowa kayakulهو كياكل
SheHia katakulهي كتاكل
We7na kanakluحنا كناكلو
You (plural)Ntuma katakluنتوما كتاكلو
TheyHuma kayakluهوما كياكلو

The Verb Khda in Present:

EnglishTranscribed Moroccan ArabicUsing Arabic Alphabet
IAna kanakhudأنا كناخد
You (feminine, singular)Nti / Ntiya katakhdiنتي / نتيا كتاخدي
You (masculine, singular)Nta / Ntaya katakhudنتا / نتايا كتاخد
HeHowa kayakhudهو كياخد
SheHia katakhudهي كتاخد
We7na kanakhduحنا كناخدو
You (plural)Ntuma katakhduنتوما كتاخدو
TheyHuma kayakhduهوما كياخدو

Continue learning Moroccan Arabic with us here.

Happy learning!

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