How To Express Possession In French – The Complete Guide

In this lesson, we will talk about the possession in French, how to express it with adjectives and pronouns, and two easy-to-use prepositions , followed by examples.

how to express possession in french

Possessive Adjectives In French

Possessive adjectives are used to indicate to whom or to what a thing/person belongs:

Mon livre – my book

Every personal pronoun has its matching possessive adjective, and the selection of the adjective depends on the gender of the “owned” thing/person, and they must agree in gender and number:

Personal PronounsPossessive Adjective (Masc)Poss. Adj. (Fem)Poss. Adj. (plural)English
tutontatesYour (singular)
il/ellesonsasesHis, her, its
vousvotrevotrevosYour (plural)

Mon frère – my brother

Mes frères – my brothers

Ton frère – your brother

Tes frères – your brothers

Son frère – his brother

Ses frères – his brothers

Notre frère – our brother

Nos frères – our brothers

Votre frère – your brother (you plural)

Vos frères – your brothers (you plural)

Leur frère – their brother

Leurs frères – their brothers

Leur sœur -their sister

Leurs sœurs – their sisters

Ma sœur – my sister

Mes sœurs – my sisters

Note: If the possessive adjective comes before a vowel, we use the masculine: mon amie – my friend (girl)

Possessive Pronouns In French

We use possessive pronouns to avoid the repetition and replace nouns modified by a possessive adjective, so instead of saying “it’s not my book, it’s her book”, we say “it’s not my book, it’s hers

Every possessive adjective has its equivalent pronoun

Je > mon/ma > le mien / la miennemine
Tu > ton/ta > le tien / la tienneyours
il/elle > son/sa > le sien / la siennehis, hers, its
nous > notre > le nôtre / la nôtreours
vous > votre > le vôtre / la vôtreyours
ils / elle > leur > le leur / la leurtheirs

And the plural form:

les miens / les miennesmine
les tiens / les tiennesyours
les siens / les sienneshis, hers, its
les nôtres / les nôtresours
les vôtres / les vôtresyours
les leurs / les leurstheirs

Possessive with the prepositions “de” and “à”

Possessive “de”

The preposition de is the equivalent of the English ‘s :

Le livre de Oualid – Oualid’s book

Like we’ve seen in the articles lesson, the preposition de when it comes before le and les, they make du and des

Possessive “à”

The preposition à is used to emphasis the ownership of the object, and it’s usually used in the following forms:

  • noun + être + à + stressed pronoun, noun or name
  • c’est + à + stressed pronoun, noun or name

Le livre est à Oualid

That was today’s lesson about the possession in French.

Continue learning French with us here.

Happy learning

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